This is the most granular level of administrative boundaries that exist in Tanzania. The discovery of shina boundaries came into place when we were conducting household surveys in Temeke-Makangarawe ward. As we were working closely with wajumbe (Shina leaders) we came to realise that all the survey submitted from a specific mjumbe in the subward fall in a polygon of around 30 to 200 houses when visualized on QGIS- the software that we use to produce maps.
After discovery of these boundaries the next step was to replicate the process on other subward and produce hyperlocal maps which are very potential when there are disasters or eruption of disease. It will be easier to locate people within a range of households.
Use cases of Shina maps and Health maps produced
Small but mighty tweaks to a major hospital’s electronic health information system (eHIS) are helping clinical staff to more accurately track where patients come from—making it easier to locate disease outbreaks and manage care.
In May 2018, a working relationship between Amana Hospital and Data Zetu was established and
In the southern highlands of Tanzania, KIHUMBE’s team uses low-cost digital tools to produce maps and manage data to more efficiently allocate their limited resources to reduce HIV/AIDS.
KIHUMBE is a non-profit NGO located in Mbeya, Tanzania—a district that has one of the
highest prevalence rates of HIV/AIDS in the country. KIHUMBE provides HIV-related services
and counselling to at-risk individuals
Community mapping efforts in Makangarawe Ward have surfaced data about hyperlocal “shina” boundaries, which offer local communities and leaders unprecedented information about the most granular level of community administration that exists in Tanzania. This is the first time Dar es Salaam has been mapped to such a detailed level, and the data collected will become invaluable for public health planning, local administration, economic evaluation and disaster prevention.
Dar es Salaam is divided into five municipalities, 92 wards and approximately 450 subwards (a subward is also known as a “mtaa” in Swahili). Through community mapping in November 2017, the HOT team uncovered further divisions within a mtaa known as “shina” (which translates roughly to “branches” in English). These shina are the most hyperlocal decision making structures in urban Tanzania.
In the southern highlands of Tanzania, KYELA District is one the District that is highly affected by seasonal diseases like Cholera due to different reasons.
Hence, there was the need of establishing new system at Ward Health Center known as Bujonde Health Center in Bujonde Ward.
The reason was to identify quickly where these patients are coming from so as to take measures as soon as possible to avoid transferring the disease from one community to other.